the town hall in the Dam Square (now the Royal Palace), the Westerkerk, Zuiderkerk, as well as a large number of canal houses among which De Dolfijn (Dolphin), De Gecroonde Raep (Crowned Turnip), the Bartolotti Huis, the Huis met de Hoofden (House with the Heads), the Poppenhuis, Kloveniersburgwal 95 (commissioned by the Poppen family), the Trippenhuis (built for the Trip family), the Van Raey-huizen, Keizersgracht 672-674, and Sweedenrijk, Herengracht 462.
The year 1672 was a year of disaster for the Dutch Republic with the French and English attacking simultaneously. Nevertheless, Amsterdam managed to consolidate its prosperity during the period 1672-1795 in spite of the predicament the Republic found itself in.
Therefore it is all the more remarkable that the so-called Ring 20-40 compares favourably to the 19th century jerry-building.
This was also the period of large-scale damage to the historical city centre; canals were filled in and new traffic breakthroughs were realised.
Some examples: Huis Van Brienen, Herengracht 284, Huis De Vicq-De Steur, OZ Voorburgwal 237, Zeevrugt and Saxenburg, Keizersgracht 224.
During the 14th, but especially the 15th century, Amsterdam underwent a rapid development, which laid the foundation for the Golden Age. Some examples: the Old and New Churches and the Houten Huis (Wooden House) at the Begijnhof.
The city remained a major staple market and managed to retain its position as the financial centre of Europe.
Whereas the Golden Age was primarily a period of pitch and tar, the new era is better characterised as an age of gold and silver.
The period 1585-1672, the Golden Age, was the hey-day of Amsterdam's commercial success.
At the time Amsterdam was the staple market of the world.