More permanent occupation of Cheshire occurred during the New Stone Age (Neolithic).For example, there is a chambered tomb known as the Bridestones, near Congleton.(Warrington, formerly in Lancashire, was added to Cheshire in 1974.) Cheshire retains the offices of Lord Lieutenant and High Sheriff for ceremonial purposes.A series of changes that occurred as English itself changed, together with some simplifications and elision, resulted in the name Cheshire, as it occurs today.The Roman Empire fell in the 5th century, and the Romano-British established a number of petty kingdoms in its place.The region was on the boundary of Northumbria, Mercia and north Wales so turbulent times continued.As he entered he is reported to have said that with so many kings' allegiance his successors could boast themselves to be kings of the English.Chester became headquarters of Eadric Streona in 1007, the King's ealdorman of Cheshire, Staffordshire and Shropshire.
This did not stop the Danes from taking Chester until eventually King Alfred, of Wessex and eventually Mercia, drove them out of the city in 894-895 Alfred's daughter Ethelfleda, Lady of the Mercians, built the new Anglo-Saxon 'burh' at Chester.
In 616, Æthelfrith of Northumbria defeated armies from the kingdoms of Powys and Gwynedd at the Battle of Chester and probably established the Anglo-Saxon position in the area from then on.
Later in the 7th century, Cheshire formed part of the kingdom of Mercia.
War again swept the county during the English Civil War in 1642, despite an attempt by local gentry to keep the county neutral.
The industrial revolution saw population changes in Cheshire as farm workers moved to the factories of Manchester and Lancashire.